New requirements for stakeholder consultation and social impact assessment in China
19 March 2012
The revised Technical Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment, General Program (HJ 2.1-2011), are a further step towards alignment of Chinese EIA with international practice.
The new guideline requires stakeholder consultation throughout the EIA process and an integrated Social Impact Assessment for certain projects.
Chinese EIA regulations are becoming increasingly aligned with international standards, such as those published by the International Finance Corporation (IFC). Changes from 1 January 2012 with the implementation of the new guideline include:
- The EIA should refer to principles of “legal compliance, up front stakeholder engagement and broad participation” to accommodate the national requirements for scientific development and construction of a harmonious, energy efficient and environmentally friendly society.
- A screening stage has been included as a formal step in the EIA process.
- Strengthening of requirements for feasibility study, social impact assessment, stakeholder consultation, environmental mitigation and management, assessment of project alternatives and mass load control.
The General Program is now a compulsory requirement for all EIAs submitted in China.
Read more about these guidelines and ERM's perspective on the changes (132KB PDF)