Climate change data

Data presented here supports the Climate change section of this report. All data has been calculated using a market-based approach, unless otherwise stated.

GRI 305-1, GRI 305-2

Scope 1 and 2 emissions FY17 – FY19 (tCO2e) ¹ ² 

 

  MethodFY17FY18FY19
Scope 1  1,392 1,400 1,389
Scope 2Location based 3,939 3,681 3,503
Market based 3,906 3,681 3,491
 Total 5,298 5,081 4,880

1 Scope 1 includes direct emissions from operations we own or control. Scope 2 includes indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, heating, cooling and steam that we consume or use.
2  FY18 Scope 2 emissions were recalculated and restated as a result of increased activity data accuracy used as the basis of estimated data. This resulted in a 332 tCO2e (10%) increase to the values previously reported in the FY18 Sustainability Report (3,328 tCO2e). The impact of the recalculation on the FY17 and earlier figures was deemed to be immaterial and did not warrant a prior period adjustment.

Science-based targets Scope 1 and 2 trajectory ¹


1 ERM has set a science-based target against 100% of Scope 1 and 2 emissions. The FY14 base year and FY25 target are shown in the graph. ERM is on track to meet this target, with the performance following the science-based target reduction path. 

GRI 305-4

GHG emissions intensity Scope 1 and 2 FY17 – FY19 (tCO2e/FTE)¹ 

1 Scope 1 and 2 emissions normalized by average full-time equivalent (FTE) employees. 

GRI 305-3

Scope 3 emissions FY18 – FY19 (tCO2e) ¹ ² ³

 Scope 3
 FY18FY19
Europe, Middle East and Africa 3,782 3,857
Asia Pacific 3,404 3,288
Latin America and Caribbean 1,238 1,340
North America 11,260 12,381
Global Businesses 434 563
Group 995 998

1 Scope 3 emissions include our indirect emissions from business travel, employee commuting and shared space electricity.
2 FY18 base year was recalculated to reflect new activity data for employee commuting, a new methodology and more specific emission factors (see references). Our reduction target from FY18 to FY25 remains the same.
3 Scope 3 emissions in North America increased due to a large project resulting in a 7% increase in North America business travel.

Science-based targets Scope 3 trajectory ¹

1 ERM has set a science-based target for business travel and employee commuting, covering 73% of the total Scope 3 inventory. 

GRI 305-4

GHG emissions intensity Scope 3 FY18 – FY19 (tCO2e/FTE) ¹

1 Scope 3 emissions from business travel and employee commuting normalized by average full-time equivalent (FTE) employees.

Global office energy use FY17 – FY19 (MWh) ¹ ² ³

 

 Scope 2Scope 1 and 2Scope 1 and 2Scope 3
 Office electricityRECs electricityFuel consumptionOther electricity
 FY17FY18Fy19FY17FY18FY19FY17FY18FY19FY17FY18FY19
Total (MWh) 7,987 7,996 7,649 256 139 302 2,759 3,034 2,954 7,625 6,508 5,699

1 Office electricity consumption is restated by 501 MWh (3% of total energy use) in FY18, due to more precise measurement of our office electricity and new activity data.
2 Renewable Energy Certificate (REC), i.e. the tradeable part of generated electricity from renewable resources representing attributes such as GHG emissions.
3 Shared electricity is the portion of shared resources for which ERM is responsible in multiple-occupant buildings. This category does not fall under ERM’s science-based targets.

Data presented here supports the Climate change section of this report. All data has been calculated using a market-based approach, unless otherwise stated.The emissions data presented includes data from the BrownFlynn acquisition. Emissions data normalized by average full-time equivalent (FTE) employees to reflect this in the intensity graphs. All 2019 ERM acquisitions are included in the Health and Safety data starting the date of the acquisition. Our People data includes the complete data sets from BrownFlynn and MP&A.

All emission data presented is expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) and includes all Kyoto gases and refrigerants. ERM uses the Fifth Assessment Report as a source of Global warming potential (GWP) without Climate feedback. The detailed reference table can be found below.

GasActivityGeographyReference
CO2, CH4, N20   Passenger car (all sizes and fuel types)  Europe Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.
CO2, CH4, N2O  Passenger car (all sizes and fuel types)  North America and countries outside of Europe  EPA (2018). GHG Emission Factors Hub. Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. March 2018
CO2, CH4, N2O  Gasoline car  Canada  EC (2018). National Inventory Report. Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada: 1990 - 2016. Environment Canada. 
CO2, CH4, N2O  Gasoline and Diesel cars  Australia  Commonwealth of Australia 2018 (Department of the Environment and Energy). National Greenhouse Account Factors (NGA) - Australian National Greenhouse Accounts. July 2018
CO2, CH4, N2O  Petrol car  New Zealand  New Zealand Government (2016). Ministry for the Environment: Guidance for Voluntary Corporate Greenhouse Gas Reporting - Data and Methods for the 2014 Calendar Year. 

CO2, CH4, N2O 

Petrol and Diesel use  Europe  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.

CO2, CH4, N2O 

Gasoline and Diesel use  North America and outside of Europe 

EPA (2018). GHG Emission Factors Hub. Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. March 2018.

CO2, CH4, N2O  LPG  South America 

GHG Protocol Brasil (2018). Ferramenta GHG Protocol 2018. Versão 2018.1.4. Programa Brasileiro GHG Protocol. Available online:

CO2, CH4, N2O  Motorcycle  Global  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.
CO2, CH4, N2O  Taxi  Europe  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting. 
CO2, CH4, N2O  Trucks  USA and countries outside Europe  EPA (2018). Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2016. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
CO2  Auto-Rickshaw  Asia  India GHG Program, India Specific Road Transport Emission Factors (2015).
CO2, CH4, N2O  Bus  Europe  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.
CO2, CH4, N2O  Bus  North America and outside of Europe 

EPA (2018). GHG Emission Factors Hub. Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. March 2018.

CO2, CH4, N2O  Light rail  Global  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting. 
CO2, CH4, N2O  National rail  Europe Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.
CO2   National rail Japan 

Central Japan Railway Company (2010). Environmental Report 2010. Available online: 

CO2, CH4, N2O National rail (intercity)  North America and outside of Europe 

EPA (2018). GHG Emission Factors Hub. Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. March 2018.

CO2  AVE train
Spain 

RENFE (2017). Informe Anual de Responsabilidad Social, Empresarial y Gobierno Corporativo, available online at:

CO2e  TGV train  Europe  SNCF (2018). INFORMATION SUR LA QUANTITE DE GAZ A EFFET DE SERRE EMISE A L’OCCASION D’UN PRESTATION DE TRANSPORT.
CO2e  Thalys train   Europe   Thalys (2016). Thalys Carbon Footprint 2016.
CO2, CH4, N2O Eurostar  Europe Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.
CO2, CH4, N2O Underground   Global (except North America) Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting. 
CO2, CH4, N2O   Transit rail North America 

EPA (2018). GHG Emission Factors Hub. Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. March 2018.

CO2, CH4, N2O  Ferry  Global  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting.
CO2, CH4, N2O Flights – all hauls and classes  Global  Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting. 
CO2, CH4, N2O  District heating (natural gas CHP)  Global   IPCC (2006). Revised IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Reference Manual. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
CO2, CH4, N2O  District heating (steam)   North America  EPA (2018). GHG Emission Factors Hub. Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. March 2018
CO2, CH4, N2O  Electricity (including Transmission and Distribution Losses (T&D losses)  UK . Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (2018). 2018 Government GHG Conversion Factors for Company Reporting 
CO2, CH4, N2O  Electricity (including T&D losses)  USA  EPA (2018). eGrid2016. Release: 2/15/2018. 
CO2, CH4, N2O  Electricity (including T&D losses)  Canada  EC (2018). National Inventory Report. Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada: 1990 - 2016. Environment Canada. 
CO2, CH4, N2O Electricity (including T&D losses) Global (except UK, USA and Canada) IEA (2018). Statistics. http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp.# IPCC (2006). Revised IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Reference Manual. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
CO2e  Electricity (excluding T&D losses)  Australia   Commonwealth of Australia 2018 (Department of the Environment and Energy). National Greenhouse Account Factors (NGA) - Australian National Greenhouse Accounts. July 2018
CO2e  Electricity residual mix  Europe  AIB (2018). European Residual Mixes 2017. Version 1.13, 11th June 2018. Association of Issuing Bodies.
CO2, CH4, N2O  Natural gas  Canada  EC (2018). National Inventory Report. Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada: 1990 - 2016. Environment Canada.
CO2, CH4, N2O  Natural gas  Europe  AIB (2018). European Residual Mixes 2017. Version 1.13, 11th June 2018. Association of Issuing Bodies.
CO2, CH4, N2O   Natural gas Australia  EC (2018). National Inventory Report. Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada: 1990 - 2016. Environment Canada.
CO2, CH4, N2O  Natural gas  USA  Commonwealth of Australia 2018 (Department of the Environment and Energy). National Greenhouse Account Factors (NGA) - Australian National Greenhouse Accounts. July 2018
HCFC-123, R11, R12, R401a, HFC-134a, R407c, R410a  Refrigerants  Global  IPCC (2013). IPCC Fifth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2013. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.